The second component worked to improve the out-reach capacities of Moldovan consular staff to the Moldovan diaspora – thus reinforcing ties of the diaspora members with Moldova – and to build the capacity of diaspora associations to get actively involved in homeland development.
Training of Consular Officers. To address the lack of MFAEI in-house human resource development capacity, the project supported the development of a training curriculum for in-house tuition of entry-level consular officers/re-qualification of long-serving officers. The curriculum was tested by organising training programs for Consular Officers on inter alia diaspora networking, migrant protection, out-of country voting, bilateral labor migration programs, return programs etc. This program was institutionalized so as to become the basis of an annual training for all new staff of the MFAEI and subsequent refreshment courses. The project offered the possibility to consolidate the knowledge and skills gained in the course by internships in EU Member States consular missions. The project activities complemented other on-going initiatives of EU MS, including those of Czech Republic and Hungary geared at supporting the delivery of regular consular services by Moldovan missions abroad.
Enhancing Moldova's Channels of Communication with the diaspora. In response to repeated and specific requests from the Moldovan MFAEI, the project supported content and design improvement, as well as integration, of www.mfa.md and www. diaspora.md. The www.diaspora.md site is being operated by the Bureau for Interethnic Relations and contains information for Moldovan nationals abroad, e.g. banking, finance, investment and tax regulations, remittances channels, pension and social security schemes, out-of-country registration and voting, return programs, public health information, and information about the dangers of trafficking and irregular migration. The diaspora site also allows for creation and on-line management of database of diaspora Associations; and it serves as a forum for sharing diaspora news and events. Support to the MFAEI website included the streamlining of the different Embassy websites into a unified format and expansion of the Consular sections. Each Embassy was assisted in creating an on-line free registration facility for Moldovan nationals abroad.
Developing of a networking communication system for consular offices. The project, following recurring express requests of Moldovan MFAEI, supported the development in collaboration of IOM with MFAEI of a new networking communication system for consular offices, targeting the specific needs of Moldovan diaspora/temporary migrants abroad. The system consists of an integrated system of different communication means such as a dedicated and secure web-based direct data exchange line, implementation of a unified e-mail format, Internet forums etc. which were further integrated into the existing electronic information and communication systems of these institutions.
Building institutional capacity of Migrant Associations. With the aim of increasing the Moldovan diaspora’s self-management capacities, 10 Migrant Associations received targeted capacity building on how to realize their potential role of organizers/purveyors of information among Moldovans abroad. A grant mechanism provided funding for innovative projects aimed at increasing the internal organization, cohesion and well-being of diaspora communities, especially through creation or improvement of Migrant Associations’ own media outlets/web based
Harnessing Migrant Associations for Homeland development activities. In partnership with MFAEI, the project organized workshops for a number of diaspora Association representatives, with the aim to expand activities on behalf of Moldova's development. The workshop covered: registering and managing Homeland Associations, fund-raising, media, collaboration with Embassies, educational and cultural programming, tourism, philanthropy, trade promotion and investment, social protection and pension transfers.
Designing a Homeland- diaspora Development Fund for investment in homeland communities. In order to concretely encourage individual migrants to invest remittances and accumulated know-how to help homeland communities, IOM supported the innovative Government led pilot project PARE 1+1. The Programme PARE 1+1 is being implemented on the basis of the rule: one leu (Moldovan currency) invested by the migrant or his/her first degree relative is coupled with 1 leu invested by the state (in the latter case with a total ceiling of not more than 200.000 MDL ~ 12.000 EUR), supplemented by entrepreneurial training, consultancy and information activities IN such a way, human and financial capital of migrants is efficiently used for the development of the socio-economic development of the country