The first component worked to support the implementation of the EU-Moldova Mobility Partnership by consolidating the institutional framework of the Mobility Partnership Cooperation Platform and establishing of a Migration Profile.
Establishing of a Migration Technical Facility. To support the operation of the Migration Management institutional framework, a special Technical Facility was created, to support the national institutions currently assuming leading and subsidiary functions in managing migration. The Migration Technical Facility (MTF) acted as a service and logistical support centre on behalf of the organizations participating in the process and provided a forum for discussion, administrative and expert services, and facilitated experience and information sharing in the context of implementation of the national migration management policy documents, specifically by providing logistics support to organizing seminars, conferences and technical meetings. The Unit provided support to the involved Moldovan institutions, working to facilitate and enhance cooperation, information-sharing and contacts between Moldovan institutions. The Unit worked on administrative/logistical/financial matters, maintained information distribution mechanisms between participating institutions through regular sharing of statistics, migration trends, policy developments, legislation, via a newsletter (placed on MFAEI site: http://www.mfa.gov.md/information-bulletins-en/) and when requested. The Unit drafted the agenda of the reunions (approved by the relevant actors).
Establishing of an Extended Migration Profile (EMP). The present project has built the capacity of the national structures to enable them to establish a sustainable Migration Profile, through the following project activities:
i) Establishing inter-ministerial, inter-agency working groups at national level, and technical sub-groups on key migration policy themes that developed and implemented the Extended Migration Profile and promoted strategic policy planning;
ii) Defining standardized indicators for a template of the EMP that allows for more comparative analysis of migration data and policies. The definition of indicators were undertaken by relevant authorities at the national and regional levels in close cooperation with international stakeholders and called upon qualified expertise;
iii) Auditing existing information and data on the indicators selected. Furthermore, the audit also included a review of the results of analyses of the various areas that were relevant for migration policy such as labour oversupply and shortages, skills transfer and maximizing productive use of remittances, as well as the specific needs of the children and elderly left behind. A national research team was identified to conduct the audit.
iv) Completing the migration profiles by pilot-testing data collection methodology/template and conducting a targeted study on gaps identified in the audit. The targeted research focused on issues of particular concern to government, such as the effectiveness of the migration and development policy framework of the country, emigration and immigration trends, internal migration trends, return migration, profile and skills of the diaspora, remittances, labour market situation, anticipated skills needs and skills shortages, gender and minors, children and elderly left behind etc.
The present Extended Migration Profile Report of the Republic of Moldova which can be downloaded from http://iom.md/attachments/110_emp_report.pdf is a country-owned tool, prepared in consultation with a broad range of government and non-government stakeholders, to be used to enhance policy coherence, evidence-based policymaking and the mainstreaming of migration into development planning.
Ensuring sustainability and national ownership of the Migration Profile. The project has implemented a set of capacity building activities to ensure the national ownership and sustainability of the Migration Profile as a national policy instrument:
i) Developing a national training curricula and a toolkit of self-teaching training modules to strengthen the capacity of the government to implement and regularly update the Migration Profile. Appropriate equipment (software and other tools) was offered to implement the toolkit;
ii) Organizing a Strategic Policy Planning workshop at the national level to promote greater migration policy coherence and the mainstreaming of migration into development and labour policy plans.
iii) Building on the Migration Profile, policy options to manage migration for the benefit of national development, inclusive of the PRSP framework, was identified, designed and promoted by the inter-ministerial working group.
Comprehensive mapping of the Moldovan diaspora. As part of the Migration Profile exercise the project supported comprehensive mapping of the Moldovan diaspora through a comprehensive and systematic research, so as to concretely define the target group, identify viable project partners and adjust and eventually help with enhancing the communication modalities employed for outreach to Moldovan citizens abroad. Several methods of data collection were used by the Mapping Exercise Assistants, including in-depth interviews with multipliers who have access to a broad base of community members, and the dissemination and collection of questionnaires within those communities.
Two studies were elaborated on Mapping the Moldovan diaspora in the Russian Federation (http://iom.md/attachments/110_rfinaleng.pdf) and Mapping the Moldovan diaspora in Italy, Portugal, France and the United Kingdom (http://iom.md/attachments/110_raportfinaleng.pdf). The studies aimed at establishing a socio-demographic and economic profile of Moldovan migrants and representatives of Moldovan diaspora, problems related to their integration in those states, future personal and family plans, and investment perspectives into the economy of Moldova and countries of destination.