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Trafficking vs. Smuggling
What is the difference between Trafficking and Smuggling?

The smuggling of migrants, while often undertaken in dangerous or degrading conditions, involves migrants who have consented to being smuggled, whereas trafficking victims have either never consented or, if they initially consented, that consent has been rendered meaningless by the coercive, deceptive, or abusive actions of the traffickers. Smuggling ends with the arrival of the migrants at their destination, whereas trafficking involves the ongoing exploitation of the victims in some manner to generate illicit profits for the traffickers. Smuggling is always transnational whereas trafficking can occur regardless of whether victims are taken to another country or only moved from one place to another within the same country. Trafficking involves force, deception, abuse, exploitation - A Crime against the Individual.Smuggling is a “fee for services” illegal business transaction - A Crime against the State.